Best way is to listen to a recording and figure out the sound characteristics of the bass drum mix
If I listen I try and work out in my head of what the EQ setting (frequency region
) might be and the attack
For the frequency region
, you might not want to go as far as frequency values but the low, mid and hi
ranges. A warm boomy tone, might be more in the low, a little in the mid and the punch in the mid and hi, where it peaks in the hi. The punch can be broken down with attack
and release, attack
=how hard the punch, release=when the punch finishes, then the period between attack
and release can be defined as the punch.
So if you want a boomy sound with less punch, slack the head, if you want more punch sometimes just called attack
, tighten up. A general guide. Bass drums are a pain to tune, the greater diameter an depth the more problems, I found.
I would say metal drummers, playing double kick, you would want in the mix to have a hi attack
and short release in the punch, so that you can hear the strokes played.
The above is a pointer, but if you want more accuracy in the concept, it would probably better to learn a thing or two about audio signal processing, or recording and mixing.